河南快赢481

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河南快赢481

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数控机床常见故障的分类及常规处理办法

数控机床常见故障的分类及常规处理办法

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数控机床常见故障的分类及常规处理办法


YINWEISHUKONGJICHUANGZHUDONGHUACHENGDUGAO,JIEGOUZALUAN,SUOYIMAOBINGLVYEJIAOYIBANJICHUANGSHEBEIGAO,XIULINANDUYEJIAODA,YIQIDUISHUKONGJICHUANGXIULIRENYUANDESUZHIYAOQIUYEYUELAIYUEGAO,YAOQIUJICHUANGCHENGXIANMAOBINGHOU,NENGJINKUAISAOCHU。SHUKONGJICHUANGXIULIJINENGBUJINNENGGOUBAOZHANGSHUKONGSHEBEIZHENGCHANGZUOYE,BINGQIEDUISHUKONGJINENGDEKAIZHANHEWANSHANYEYOUBIDINGDETUIJINZUOYONG,YINER,YANJIUHEQUEZHENSHUKONGJICHUANGMAOBING,YIJIGUANLICHULISHIJUYOUSHIFENYIYIDE。

GUANJIANCI:SHUKONGJICHUANG;SHUKONGJINENG;MAOBINGQUEZHEN;XIULIJINENG;GUANLICHULI;


一、前语

WEILESHISHUKONGJICHUANGYINGYOUDEGONGXIAOFAHUICHULAI,SHUKONGJICHUANGDEZHENGCHANGZUOYEZHANZHUDAODIWEI,ZAISHUKONGSHEBEICHENGXIANWENTISHI,JISHIQUSAOCHUMAOBINGJIUXIANDETEBIEZHONGYAO。DANSHIXIANGGUANYUJIECHUJICHUANGBUDUODEXIULIRENYUANLAISHUO,JICHUANGCHENGXIANMAOBING,WANGWANGBUZHICONGHEXIASHOU,ERYANWUXIULISHIKE。ZHEISHIJIARUZANMENJIEZHUSHUKONGTIXIBENSHENJUBEIDEZIQUEZHENGONGYONGDEHUA,DUIZANMENDEXIULIHUIFAZUOHENDABANGZHU。YIQI,ZUOWEIXIULIRENYUANDANGSHUKONGJICHUANGFAZUOMAOBINGHOU,ZANMENXUQIUXIANGCAOZUOZHELEJIEMAOBINGFAZUODEJUTIZHENGZHUANG,FAZUODEDAOCHENGXUJISHIKE,CAOZUOBANFAZHENGQUEYUFOU,CAIGANJISHIFAXIANWENTI,YIMIANFENGXIANGUODA,XINGCHENGBUBIYAODESUNSHI。HAIYOUJIUSHIYAOCHAKANANNIU、RONGDUANQI,JIEXIANDUANZIDENGYUANJIAN,ZAIJIEXIANSHILUODING、HANGKONGCHATOUHECHAZUO、DIANLUBANSHANGDECHATOUSHIFOUNINGJIN,MEIGEBOBAKAIGUAN,CAOZUOBANFASHIFOUZHENGQUEDENG。HAIYAOYIJUJIXIEMAOBINGJIAOYICHAJUEDETESE,DANGFAZUOJICHUANGGUOZAIHUOXUGUOREBAOJINGSHI,YINGSHOUYAOCHAKANHUABANDEXIANGTIAOSHIFOUZHUANGGUOJIN,HUABANHECHUANGSHENDAOGUIZHIJIANMOCALISHIFOUZENGDA,RANHOUSHIDIANJIZUOYENANDUDA,HAIYOUGUNZHUSIGANGHETUOJIAZHIJIANSHIFOUTONGXIN,RUSIGANGZHONGGUNZHUMOSUNXINGCHENGSIGANGGUOJIN,YEKESHIDIANJIGUOZAI、GUORE,RANHOUDAOZHIDIANQIMAOBING。YINERZANMENZAISHUKONGJICHUANGDEZHENGCHANGXIULIDANGZHONG,ZIXIZUOHAOSHANGMIANJIXIANGZUOYE,GONGTONGHEZUO,JIUNENGGOUSHAOZOUWANLU,JIAOKUAISAOCHUMAOBING,JIANSHAOSHUKONGJICHUANGDETINGJISHIKE,ZENGQIANGSHUKONGJICHUANGDESHIYONGLV,SHISHENGCHANSHIJIANDEYISHUNLIJINXING,WANCHENGXUESHENGSHIXIDEJINDU。


二、常见毛病的分类

河南快赢481 SHUKONGJICHUANGYINWEIBENSHENYUANYINBUNENGZHENGCHANGZUOYE,JIUSHIFAZUOLEMAOBING。FAZUODEYUANYINYEBIJIAOZALUAN,DANHENDAYIBUFENMAOBINGSHIYINWEICAOZUORENYUAN(XUEXIAOSHIXUNDESHOUYAODUIXIANG:XUESHENG)CAOZUOJICHUANGBUDANGYINQIDE。

河南快赢481 JICHUANGMAOBINGKEFENWEIYIXIAJIZHONGLEIXING。


河南快赢481 (一)体系毛病和随机毛病

河南快赢481 ANMAOBINGDECHENGXIANDEBIDINGXINGHEOUERXING,FENWEITIXIXINGMAOBINGHESUIJIXINGMAOBING。TIXIXINGMAOBINGSHIZHIJICHUANGHETIXIZAIMOUYITEDINGTIAOJIANXIABIDINGHUICHENGXIANDEMAOBING,SUIJIXINGMAOBINGSHIZHIOUERCHENGXIANDEMAOBING。YINER,SUIJIXINGMAOBINGDEPOUXIHESAOCHUBITIXIXINGMAOBINGKUNNANDEDUO。YIBANSUIJIXINGMAOBINGWANGWANGHUIYINWEIJIXIEJIEGOUBUFENSONGDONG、CUOWEI、KONGZHITIXIZHONGYUANQIJIANCHENGXIANZUOYETEXINGPIAOYI,DIANQIYUANJIANZUOYEKEKAOXINGXIAJIANGDENGYUANYINXINGCHENG,XUJINGFANFUSHIYANHEGUINAPANBIECAIGANSAOCHU。


(二)确诊显现毛病和无确诊显现毛病

ANMAOBINGCHENGXIANSHIYOUWUZIQUEZHENXIANXIAN,NENGGOUFENWEIYOUQUEZHENXIANXIANMAOBINGHEWUQUEZHENXIANXIANMAOBINGLIANGZHONG。XIANZAIDESHUKONGTIXIYOUBIJIAOFENGFUDEZIQUEZHENGONGYONG,CHENGXIANMAOBINGSHIHUITINGJI、BAOJINGBINGQIEHUIZHUDONGXIANXIANXIANGYINGBAOJINGDECANSHUHAO,ZHEIYANGNENGGOURANGBAOHURENYUANHENKUAIZHAODAOMAOBINGYUANYIN。ERWUQUEZHENXIANXIANMAOBING,YIBANSHIJICHUANGTINGZAIMOUYIFANGWEIBUNENGDONG,SHOUDONGCAOZUOYEMEIFA,BAOHURENYUANZHINENGYIJUCHENGXIANMAOBINGQIANHOUXIANXIANGLAIPOUXIPANBIE,SAOCHUMAOBINGNANDUJIUBIJIAODA。


(三)破坏性毛病和非破坏性毛病

YIMAOBINGYOUWUPOHUAIXING,FENWEIPOHUAIXINGMAOBINGHEFEIPOHUAIXINGMAOBING。GUANYUPOHUAIXINGMAOBINGJIUXIANGSIFUSHIKONGXINGCHENGZHUANGCHE,DUANLUSHAODUANRONGSIDENG,BAOHUNANDUJIAODA,YOUBIDINGFENGXIAN,XIUHOUZHEIXIEXIANXIANGSHIBUNENGZHONGFUCHENGXIANDE。ERFEIPOHUAIXINGMAOBINGKETONGGUODUOCIFANFUSHIYANZHISAOCHU,JIUBUHUIDUIJICHUANGXINGCHENGWEIHAI。


河南快赢481 (四)机床运动特性质量毛病

CILEIMAOBINGFAZUOHOU,JICHUANGHUIZHAOJIUZUOYE,BUHUIYOUBAOJINGXIANXIAN,DANJIAGONGCHUDEGONGJIANBUHEGE。GUANYUZHEIXIEMAOBING,BIXUZAIJIANCEYIQIHEZUOXIA,DUIJIXIE、KONGZHITIXI、SIFUTIXIDENGCAIQUYIXIEGUINACUOSHI。


河南快赢481 (五)硬件毛病和软件毛病

ANFAZUOMAOBINGDEBUWEIFENWEIYINGJIANMAOBINGHERUANJIANMAOBING。YINGJIANMAOBINGZHIXUTONGGUOGENGHUANMOUXIEYUANQIJIANJIUNENGGOUSAOCHU,DANSHIRUANJIANMAOBINGSHIBIANCHENGCUOWUDAOZHIDE,YINERXUQIUXIUGAICHENGXUNEIRONGHUOXIUDINGJICHUANGCANSHULAISAOCHU。


河南快赢481 (六)数控机床常见的操作毛病

河南快赢481 1、FANGHUMENWEIGUAN,JICHUANGBUNENGZUOYE。2、JICHUANGWEIHUICANYUEDIAN。3、ZHUZHOUZHUANSUSCHAOGUOzuiGAOZHUANSUXIANDINGZHI。4、CHENGXUNEIMEIYOUSHEZHIFHUOSZHI。5、JINJIXIUDIAOF%HUOZHUZHOUXIUDIAOS%KAIGUANSHEWEIKONGDANG。6、HUICANYUEDIANSHILILINGDIANTAIJINHUOCANYUEDIANSUDUTAIKUAI,YINQICHAOCHENG。7、CHENGXUZHONGG00FANGWEICHAOGUOXIANDINGZHI。8、DAOJUBUCHANGCELIANGSHEDINGCUOWU。9、DAOJUHUANDAOFANGWEIBUZHENGQUE。10、G40DIAOXIAOBUDANG,YINQIDAOJUQIERUYIJIAGONGWAIBIAO。11、CHENGXUZHONGSHIYONGLEBUHEFADAIMA。12、DAOJUBANJINGBUCHANGFANGXIANGCUOWU。13、QIERU、QIECHUBANFABUDANG。14、QIEXUEYONGLIANGTAIDA。15、DAOJUDUNHUA。16、GONGJIANYUANLIAOBUJUNYUN,YINQIZHENDONG。17、JICHUANGBEISUODING(ZUOYETAIBUDONG)。18、GONGJIANWEIJIAJIN。19、DUIDAOFANGWEIBUZHENGQUE,GONGJIANZUOBIAOXISHEZHICUOWU。20、SHIYONGLEBUHELIDEGGONGYONGZHILING。21、JICHUANGCHUYUBAOJINGZHUANGKUANG。22、DUANDIANHOUHUOBAOGUOJINGDEJICHUANG,MEIYOUZHONGXINHUICANYUEDIANHUOFUWEI。


三、毛病惯例处理办法

JIAGONGZHONGXINCHENGXIANMAOBING,CHUSHAOLIANGZIQUEZHENGONGYONGNENGGOUXIANXIANMAOBINGWAI(RUCUNCHUQIBAOJING,DONGLIDIANYUANDIANYAGUOGAOBAOJINGDENG),DABUFENMAOBINGSHIYOUGUINAYINSUYINQI,WANGWANGBUNENGCHENGRENQIJUTIYUANYIN。

SHUKONGJICHUANGCHENGXIANMAOBINGHOU,BUNENGMANGMUCHULI,SHOUYAOYAOCHAKANMAOBINGJILU,XIANGCAOZUORENYUANLEJIEMAOBINGCHENGXIANDEQUANJINCHENG。ZAICHENGRENTONGDIANDUIJICHUANGHETIXIWUFENGXIANDEQINGKUANGXIAZAIJINXINGCHAXUN,TEBIEYAOCHENGRENYIXIAMAOBINGXINXI:


河南快赢481 1、毛病发作时,报警号和报警提示是什么?哪盏指示灯或发光管发光?提示的警报内容是什么?2、如无报警,体系处于何种作业状况?体系的作业办法确诊结果是什么?3、毛病发作在哪个程序段?执行何种指令?毛病发作前执行了何种操作?4、毛病发作在何种速度下?轴处于什么方位?与指令值的差错量有多大?5、以前是否发作过类似毛病?现场是否有异常情况?毛病是否重复发作?   咱们能够选用归纳法和演绎法,对上面的5个部分毛病信息进行有效的归纳与演绎。归纳法是从毛病原因出发,摸索其功用,查询原因对结果的影响,也就是说依据或许发作该种毛病的原因剖析,看zui后是否与毛病现象的符合程度来承认毛病点。演绎法是指从现象出发,对毛病现象原因进行切割剖析法。即从毛病现象开始,依据毛病机理,列出该毛病发作的种种原因,然后,对这些原因逐点进行剖析,扫除不正确的,zui后承认毛病点。

YIQI,ZAIMAOBINGQUEZHENJINCHENGZHONGYIBANYAOANXIANWAIHOUNEI、XIANJIHOUDIAN、XIANJINGHOUDONG、XIANGONGYONGHOUZHUANYONG、XIANJIANDANHOUZALUAN、XIANYIBANHOUTESHUDEYUANZEJINXING。

ZAIPOUXIHAOYISHANG5GEBUFENDEMAOBINGZHIHOU,YIBANNENGGOUANYIXIAJINCHENGJINXINGGUANLICHULI:


河南快赢481 (一)充分查询毛病现场

JICHUANGFAZUOMAOBINGHOU,BAOHURENYUANYINGZIXICHAXUNJICUNQIHEHUANCHONGZUOYEJICUNQISHANGCUNNEIRONG,LEJIEYIZHIXINGCHENGXUNEIRONG,XIANGCAOZUOZHELEJIEXIANCHANGQINGKUANGHEXIANXIANG。DANGYOUQUEZHENXIANXIANBAOJINGSHI,FANKAIDIANQIJUCHAXUNYINZHIDIANLUBANSHANGYOUWUXIANGYINGBAOJINGHONGDENGXIANXIAN。ZUOWANZHEIXIECHAXUNHOU,JIUNENGGOUANDONGSHUKONGJICHUANGSHANGDEFUWEIJIAN,CHAXUNTIXIFUWEIHOUBAOJINGSHIFOUXIAOCHU,XIAOCHUDEHUASHUYURUANJIANMAOBING,BURANJIWEIYINGJIANMAOBING。GUANYUFEIPOHUAIXINGMAOBING,KERANGJICHUANGZAIZHONGXINZUOYE,ZIXICHAXUNMAOBINGSHIFOUZAIXIAN。


(二)将或许形成毛病的原因悉数列出

河南快赢481 JIAGONGZHONGXINSHANGXINGCHENGMAOBINGDEYUANYINDUOZHONGDUOYANG,YOUJIXIEDE、DIANQIDE、KONGZHITIXIDEDENGDENG。CIKE,YAOJIANGHUOXUFAZUODEMAOBINGYUANYINXISHULIECHULAI,YIBIANPAICHA。


(三)逐渐选择承认毛病发作的原因

YIJUMAOBINGXIANXIANG,CANYUEJICHUANGYOUGUANXIULISHIYONGSHOUCELUOLIECHUDEYINSU,TONGGUOXUANZEJIGUINAPANBIE,ZHAOCHUDAOZHIMAOBINGDECHENGRENYINSU。


河南快赢481 (四)毛病的扫除

ZHAODAOXINGCHENGMAOBINGDEQUEQIEYUANYINHOU,JIUNENGGOU“DUIZHENGXIAYAO”XIULI、DIAOZHENGHEGENGHUANYOUGUANYUANJIAN。

SI、CHANGJIANJIXIEMAOBINGDESAOCHU


河南快赢481 (一)进给传动链毛病

YINWEIDAOGUIPUBIANXUANYONGGUNDONGMOCAFU,YINERYUNDONGZHILIANGXIAJIANGSHIDAOZHIJINJICHUANDONGMAOBINGDEZHONGYAOYINSU,RUJIXIEBUJIANMEIYOUDAODAGUIZEFANGWEI、ZUOYEZHONGDUAN、DINGWEIJINGDUXIAJIANG、FANXIANGKONGXIGUODADENG,CHENGXIANZHEIXIEDOUSHIKEDIAOZHENGGEYUNDONGFUYUJINLI、DIAOZHENGSONGDONGHUANJIE、JINBUYUNDONGJINGDUJIDIAOZHENGBUCHANGHUANJIE。


(二)机床回零毛病

JICHUANGZAIFANHUIJIZHUNDIANSHIFAZUOCHAOCHENGBAOJING,WUJIANSUYUNDONG。CILEIMAOBINGYIBANSHIJIANSUXINHAOMEIYOUSHURUDAOCNCTIXI,YIBANKECHAKANXIANWEIDANGKUAIJIXINHAOXIAN。


(三)主动换刀装置毛病

CILEIMAOBINGJIAOWEICHANGJIAN,MAOBINGBIAOXIANWEI:DAOJUKUYUNDONGMAOBING、DINGWEICHACUODA、HUANDAODONGZUOBUDAOWEI、HUANDAODONGZUOKAWEI、ZHENGJITINGZHIZUOYEDENG,CILEIMAOBINGDESAOCHUYIBANKETONGGUOCHAKANQIGANGYALI、DIAOZHENGGEXIANWEIKAIGUANFANGWEI、CHAKANFANKUIXINHAOXIAN、DIAOZHENGYUHUANDAODONGZUOXIANGGUANDEJICHUANGCANSHULAISAOCHU。


(四)机床不能运动或加工精度差

河南快赢481 ZHEISHIYIXIEGUINAMAOBING,CHENGXIANCILEIMAOBINGSHI,KETONGGUOZHONGXINDIAOZHENGHEGAIDONGKONGXIBUCHANG、CHAKANZHOUJINJISHIYOUWUPUFUDENGBANFALAISAOCHU。


五、数控机床的安全操作

SHUKONGJICHUANGDECAOZUO,BIDINGYAOZUODAOGUIFANCAOZUO,YIBIMIANFAZUORENSHEN、SHEBEI、DAOJUDENGDEANQUANSHIGU。WEICI,SHUKONGJICHUANGZAICAOZUODEJINCHENGZHONGBIDINGYAOYANLIANZHAOSHUKONGJICHUANGDEGUIFANCAOZUOLAIWANCHENG,BIMIANJICHUANGMAOBING,RANHOUQUEBAOJICHUANGZHENGCHANGZUOYE。

SHOUYAOTIXIANZAIYIXIASIGEFANGMIAN:

1、CAOZUOQIANDEANQUANZUOYE

2、JICHUANGCAOZUOJINCHENGZHONGDEANQUANCAOZUO

河南快赢481 3、YUBIANCHENGXIANGGUANDEANQUANCAOZUO

4、GUANJISHIDEZHUYISHIXIANG

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